The Pomeranian is a feisty breed. Its thick and coarse coat that appears extremely fluffy is a dominant feature of the breed. There are actually two layers to the coat. The bottom layer is also thick. The coat is most profuse at the breed’s neck, chest, and tail. The coat does not cover its facial features. Its head is average in size and proportioned to the rest of its body. Its muzzle is not very long. It has a definite stop. The facial features are expressive and dark in color. The breeds has back legs that are well angled and front legs that are straight. Its neck is not very long and smoothly angles to its back that is short in length, but very strong.


The Pomeranian is a good family pet. It is high spirited and very sociable. It will gladly entertain its family. Although it can be playful, it is not very patient with young children. It tends to do better with children that are school age and who have learned to be gentle with animals. The best way to keep this breed happy is to feed it attention. It is a good watchdog, but does make a good guard dog. It will bark to alert its family of a stranger on the property. It does not easily follow commands.

Height and Weight

The Pomeranian is about 8-11 inches tall and weighs and average of 3-7 pounds.

Health Problems

The Pomeranian is typically a healthy breed. Due to its size, it is susceptible to patella luxation.

Ideal Living Conditions

Indoor living conditions are best for the Pomeranian. In addition to being active indoors, the breed loves being close to its family. The breed can easily adapt to various living conditions. Due to its coat it may not be suitable for warm climates.


The Pomeranian is an energetic breed that gets most of its exercise on its own. Whether the breed lives indoors or outdoors, it will remain active. It will enjoy spending time with its Pomeranian on a leisurely walk.

Life Expectancy

The Pomeranian tends to live about 12-16 years.

Litter Size

The average litter size of the Pomeranian is 1-3 puppies.


Daily grooming is required for the Pomeranian. The bushy coat can easily become matted. It is recommended that the coat be brushed on a daily basis and more often when the coat is shedding. The good news about shedding season is that it only occurs twice a year for this breed. Regular care of the breed’s teeth and ears is recommended.


The Pomeranian originated from Pomerania. Over the years the breed’s appearance has changed.




There are no limits for the coat color of the Pomeranian. The coat may be a solid color, brindle, or a combination of colors.