The Newfoundland is a strong and muscular breed. It has a large head with well-developed bone structure. It has ears that are small in relation to the rest of its body. The ears hang down and fold in toward the face. With small, dark brown eyes the breed has an expressive and gentle face. There is a definite stop and a moderate muzzle. It has a well-developed chest that extends wide and long. The very thick neck extends to a back that is muscular and straight. The tail fits the body well as it hangs at the hocks. The front and back legs are fairly long and well muscled. The breedтАЩs coat is probably its most distinguishing feature. It is very thick and somewhat long. The coat is resistant to water and is comprised of two layers.


There are a lot of good points about the Newfoundland. It is one of the most easy-going and sociable breeds. It gets along with everyone. Most types will coexist peacefully with other pets. It is possible for this generally peaceful breed to become aggressive in the presence of other male dogs. This breed welcomes even strangers that visit its household. The Newfoundland is loyal to its family and will protect them wholeheartedly. The breed is not fierce, but will do its best to keep its family safe from harm. Children will love to play with this breed. It can be playful and has patience. The Newfoundland is a large breed, so supervision is recommended when it interacts with very young or small children. While the breed is basically obedient, it can be stubborn and slow to respond to training.

Height and Weight

Male height: 27-29 inchesMale weight: 130-150 poundsFemale height: 25-27 inchesFemale weight: 100-120 pounds

Health Problems

The Newfoundland is basically a very healthy breed. Its massive size makes it susceptible to some health problems. Hip dyplasia is the most common health issue that affects large breeds. If the breed does not receive sufficient exercise it may become inactive and overweight. Obesity in the Newfoundland can result in heart disease and diabetes.

Ideal Living Conditions

The thick coat of the Newfoundland is ideal for cold environments. The breed is definitely suitable for very warm living conditions. Although the breed loves being close to its family, it is prone to inactivity if it lives indoors. Outdoors, the breed is more likely to be active. If kept outdoors, an average size yard is sufficient for this breed.


Exercise is particularly important for the Newfoundland that resides indoors. In this situation the breed should given several opportunities throughout the day to get exercise. Unless, the weather is too hot, the breed is fine with very physical activity. In particular, it enjoys swimming.

Life Expectancy

The Newfoundland has an average life expectancy of 10 years.

Litter Size

The Newfoundland has an average litter size of 10 puppies.


The NewfoundlandтАЩs thick coat sheds heavily every six months. During this time the coat should be brushed more frequently. Outside of shedding season the coat only needs regular brushing.






The acceptable colors for the Newfoundland include chocolate, black, and gray. In addition to these solid colors, the breed’s coat may be a combination of white and black.