Miniature Pinscher


There’s a lot packed into the compact body of the Miniature Pinscher. The breed stands on lean legs that are strong. The front legs are straight while the back legs are slightly angled. Its chest is muscular and deep. The rib cage is lifted up and tight. Its neck angles slightly to its long and straight back. The tail is usually docked. The breed’s front legs are strong and straight. From the back the breed has well defined hocks and thighs. The back legs are slightly angled. Its head is average in size and in proportion to its body.


Although the Miniature Pinscher is basically a friendly dog, it may show aggression when interacting with other dogs. It may also show a significant amount of independence. Its owner should have confidence and handle it firmly. If the breed doesn’t sense this in its owner it may take advantage and try to gain dominance over the family. The Miniature Pinscher is energetic and is very watchful. It is not friendly with people that visit the home, but will not attack.

Height and Weight

Both the male and female Miniature Pinscher have the same measurements. The breed is an average of 10-12 inches tall and weighs about 8-10 pounds.

Health Problems

There are very few health problems associated with the Miniature Pinscher. Some types may develop Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA). An evaluation of the breed is recommended on a regular basis to check for the conditions since it can result in the breed becoming blind.

Ideal Living Conditions

The Miniature Pinscher will do fine indoors. If the breed lives indoors it needs regular exercise, although it will remain active. Outdoor types only need to be kept within an average size yard and protected from cold weather.


Daily exercise is recommended for the Miniature Pinscher. The breed will remain active indoors and outdoors.

Life Expectancy

The Miniature Pinscher has an average life expectancy of 12-14 years.

Litter Size

The Miniature Pinscher has an average of 3 puppies.


The short and smooth coat of the Miniature Pinscher does not require a significant amount of grooming. The breed does shed, but not excessively. The coat can be wipe down or brushed.


The Miniature Pinscher originated in Germany in the 1600s.




The acceptable colors for the Miniature Pinscher include red, black, and brown. Each solid color is identifiable with markings. Types that are red may have black markings. Black types have dark brown to red markings. Chocolate types have red markings.