The compact body of the Keeshond is very strong. The breed’s coat is probably its most distinguishing feature. The coat is moderate in length, thick, and coarse. The neck area contains a profuse amount of fur, giving the breed the appearance of a lion. The fur is also profuse on the head, but doesn’t obscure the breed’s facial features. The head is comparable in size to the body. The muzzle is average in length. The ears are set high on the head and are triangular and erect, rising above the fur on the crown of the head. The facial features are dark. Its tail has a profuse amount of fur and is lifted upward and curled over its back.


The Keeshond is a happy and social breed, but can be shy. Training is essential to prevent the breed from becoming too timid. Once trained, the breed will be the friend of everyone in the family. The breed has a lot of energy and loves interacting with people and other pets. It will bark when someone arrives to the home. Once the visitor is inside, the Keeshond will extend the same affection it shows its family. Its temperament is similar to that of children, so the two should get along just fine. While the Keeshond is a fun breed, it also enjoys learning. It is a quick learner and is very responsive to training.

Height and Weight

Male height: 17-19 inchesMale weight: 55-66 poundsFemale height: 15-17 inchesFemale weight: 50-60 pounds

Health Problems

The Keeshond is susceptible to hip dysplasia, as are all breeds of its size. The breed may also develop conditions of the skin and problems with its heart.

Ideal Living Conditions

The Keeshond will adapt to most environments. Small living conditions, such as apartments, do not offer the breed the space it needs to be active. However, the breed will do fine in these environments as long as it receives plenty of exercise. An enclosed yard of moderate size is most suitable for this breed. The breed should not be kept outdoors when temperatures are extremely high.


Significant exercise is a must for the Keeshond. Although the breed will be active if kept indoors, it is recommended that it receive daily exercise. A short walk is insufficient for this breed. The Keeshond requires more physically demanding activity, such as jogging or running.

Life Expectancy

The Keeshond lives an average of 12-15 years.

Litter Size

The average litter size for the Keeshond is 7 puppies.


Breeds with long coats typically require more maintenance. The Keeshond is an exception. Simply using a brush or comb everyday to smooth out the coat is sufficient. The unfortunate news is that the coat does shed more than average about every six months. The coat will require more maintenance during these times.


The Keeshond is an ancient breed that was developed some time during the 18th century.


Non-Sporting, Northern


The coat of the Keeshond varies from light to dark gray.