The elongated torso with short legs is a well-known characteristic of the Dachshund. The general outline of its frame, its tail, ears, and stance are common to all types. The frame is long and muscular. It has a deep chest and the legs are angular. The tail is parallel to the back when the dog is at attention. The ears are long and hang down past the chin. The facial features are delicate. The eyes are almond shaped. The nose is long. The major difference in the types is the coat. The short-coat type features a smooth and shiny coat that is close to the body. The wirehaired coat has a coat that is thick and coarse. This type is distinct in that it typically has thick fur at the eyebrows and under the chin. The longhaired type has fur that is shiny and somewhat wavy. The fur for this type is most profuse the ears, the back of the legs, and over the belly. In addition to these characteristics, the breed also varies in size in weight. Each type of Dachshund is standard or miniature.


Just as its appearance, the Dachshund has a proud nature that is balanced with its desire to show affection and devotion. The three types (longhaired, shorthaired, and wirehaired) have the same temperament for the most part. There are reports that of the three types the longhaired is the least energetic. They are obedient, but training can prove difficult since they tend to be a bit stubborn. Loud barking is common. Outdoor types are prone to dig holes. They are fine with older children and will generally get along with other pets in their household. They should not be left unsupervised with young children.

Height and Weight

The Dachshund varies in height and weight according to its type. Standard types are an average of 14-18 inches tall and an average of 20 pounds. The Miniature type Dachshund ranges in height from 13-14 inches and weighs about 8-9 pounds. The smallest type of Dachshund, the Toy, can reach as tall as 12 inches and weigh as much as 8 pounds.

Health Problems

The Dachshund is susceptible to developing what is referred to as Dachshund paralysis, which is characterized by problems of the spine. It also is associated with conditions of the urinary tract and heart. The breed can easily become inactive and gain excessive amounts of weight. Types that gain a lot of weight are at risk of developing diabetes.

Ideal Living Conditions

The size and temperament of the Dachshund makes it an excellent breed for indoor living. It is also suitable for small residences. However, the breed can become inactive if left indoors, so it should have regular outside time.


Exercise should be a significant part of the Dachshund’s daily regimen. It is an energetic breed and has the stamina for long walks. Exercise is especially important for types that are kept indoors.

Life Expectancy

The Dachshund has an average life expectancy of 15 years.

Litter Size

The Dachshund has an average of 6 puppies.


The grooming required for the Dachshund depends on the coat. If the coat is coarse or long, a professional touch is recommended to manage the coat. The more common smooth coat types don’t require much more than a washing. All types of the breed shed and require regular brushing during shedding seasons.


Many breeds are developed for a specific purpose, such as hunting or guarding.




The Dachshund coat is typically a color in the brown family, but black is also acceptable. Solid color and two color coats are acceptable.