Cocker Spaniel


It’s hard to imagine, but the attractive and delicate was developed as a hunting breed. Its coat, which is probably its most recognizable physical trait, is water repellant and enables it to hunt game in water as well as land. The head is distinctively round and its ears, which are feathery, are set low and hang onto its shoulders when it is in a sitting position. The eyes and nose are black and moderate in size. The torso is longer than it is tall. The chest is deep and may have white markings. The legs are compact, but strong.


The charming nature of the Cocker Spaniel is the reason the breed is a popular pet choice. It is congenial 99% of the time. Guests are greeted with the same affection afforded to the family. Some spaniels may exhibit aggression towards other dogs, but the Cocker Spaniel will generally coexist with other household pets with no problem. Training is essential for this breed so that it is at ease in social settings. It may be difficult to housebreak them. The Cocker Spaniel enjoys playing with children and will spend hours with them. As with any dog, supervision is recommended with very young children. Some types may bark incessantly.

Height and Weight

Male height: 13-15.5 inchesFemale weight: 12-14.5 inchesBoth male and female Cocker Spaniel vary in weight from 15-30 pounds.

Health Problems

Cataracts and glaucoma are the most serious health problems associated with the Cocker Spaniel. It is susceptible to common health conditions for all dogs, including hip dysplasia, cardiomyopathy, and liver disease. Spaniels may also develop a fatal disease called Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia.

Ideal Living Conditions

Indoor living is fine for the Cocker Spaniel, but it will need space to exercise to keep it from becoming inactive.


The Cocker Spaniel is a high-energy breed. A daily walk is sufficient exercise for it, but it will appreciate more vigorous physical exercise, such as jogging or running.

Life Expectancy

The Cocker Spaniel has a life expectancy of 12-15 years.

Litter Size

An average of 5 puppies.


The Cocker Spaniel is a high maintenance breed. Not only does the coat shed several times during the year, but it requires a significant amount of upkeep. The coat requires daily brushing and it should be washed on a regular basis. At least 4 times each year the breed should be taken to a professional groomer to have the coat clipped.


As its name implies, the Cocker Spaniel originated from Spain.


Gun Dog, Sporting


Dark solid shades of black, tan, and cream are acceptable for the Cocker Spaniel. A combination of these colors is also acceptable.