Catahoula Leopard Dog


The build of the Catahoula Leopard Dog is moderate and size and well developed. The breed was developed to perform a variety of тАЬworkingтАЭ activities. It has well-developed muscles, but its torso is straight and lean so that it can achieve great speed and power. The head is large. The ears are medium-size and hang at the sides of the head. The facial features are dark. As its name implies, the short coat of the Catahoula Leopard Dog features patchwork of two typically contrasting colors. The tail is hangs low and curls upward slightly.


Independence, intelligence, and protective are the most dominant traits of the Catahoula Leopard Dog. It is also full of energy and very loving towards its family members. The breed is a natural leader and will take on a dominant role unless trained to do otherwise. Training at a young age is ideal to socialize it properly into the family unit. As a natural protector of its family, the Catahoula Dog is an excellent guard dog. It treats unwelcome and welcome guests the same: with suspicion. It generally coexists with other household pets, but may become hostile and territorial with other dogs.

Height and Weight

The agility of the Catahoula Leopard Dog is accomplished by its lean body makeup. It typically stands 20-26 inches in height and can weigh anywhere between 40 and 95 pounds.

Health Problems

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a generally healthy breed. Serious health problems, such as deafness and blindness are typically associated with a few types.

Ideal Living Conditions

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is capable of adapting to just about any living condition; however, it is most suitable for a large outdoor area. A farm, ranch, or other area with plenty of running room is ideal for this energetic breed.


A short walk will not do for the Catahoula Leopard Dog. It has to release its energy with a vigorous form of exercise. Owners who run, mountain climb, or participate in any other high-performance physical activity on a regular basis have a tireless companion in the Catahoula Leopard Dog. No less than one hour of exercise is required for this breed.

Life Expectancy

An average of 10-14 years

Litter Size

An average of 8-12 puppies


The coat of the Catahoula Leopard Dog is so close to the body that it appears almost hairless. Despite its short length, the coat does shed lightly at least twice a year. Both washing and brushing the coat are required infrequently.


The origin of the Catahoula Leopard Dog is believed to have begun in the 16th century




Appropriately named, the Catahoula Leopard Dog has a coat of spots that contrast in color. There is typically a dominant color that covers most of the body while patches of a contrasting color exist on the face, chest, tail, and legs.