The Briard is a breed of strength and profuse fur. The body of this breed is somewhat square and long. Its head is massive in comparison with its body. It has both a dark nose and eyes. The muzzle is broad. The ears are average in size and feature a profuse amount of fur. The coat is also profuse at the back and head. The bottom layer of the coat is softer and more smooth than the top layer that is coarse and wavy. The breed has a well-muscled neck that is elongated. The neck transitions smoothly to its back. The breed stands on strong front and back legs.


Training is important for the Briard. Specifically, socialization training is what the breed should receive as soon as it is of age to learn. Training is key to the Briard living harmoniously with other pets and interacting with children. It is a breed that attempts to cater to its owner. It is a good companion for school-aged children who don’t play roughly or tease it. This bred may or may not get along with other dogs in its home. If the breed is well trained and introduced to another dog when it is young, there is a good chance that it will peacefully coexist with the dog.

Height and Weight

Male height: 23-27 inchesMale weight: 75-100 poundsFemale height: 22-25 inchesFemale weight: 50-65 pounds

Health Problems

The Briard is generally a healthy breed. Hip dysplasia affects this breed more than any other condition. This breed may also develop conditions of the heart and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).

Ideal Living Conditions

The Briard can easily adapt to indoor or outdoor living conditions, as long as there is sufficient space for it to be active. It does not require a significant amount of space. It can be relatively active in both a condominium and a medium-size yard.


The Briard should have plenty of daily exercise. Playing and taking it for a walk are sufficient forms of exercise for this breed.

Life Expectancy

The Briard has an average life expectancy of 10-12 years.

Litter Size

The Briard has an average of 8-10 puppies.


The coat of the Briard should be brushed often since it can easily become matted and tangled. Combing the coat has the same effect. More brushing is required when the coat sheds, but not much more since it only sheds lightly. Cleaning the ears and eyes and trimming the fur is also recommended.


The Briard has a long history, but was not officially recognized as a breed until early in the 19th century.




A variety of colors are acceptable for the Briard. The breed is usually gray or black.