Belgian Malinois


With the exception of the crown of the head and the area just below the ears, the face and ears of the Belgian Malinois are completely engulfed in black. Set high and angled, the triangular-shaped ears stand high and tall. The coat is smooth, but coarse to the touch. It is a golden, mahogany color on a majority of the body, but splotches of white appear on the chest and tips of the toes. The legs are strong and muscular and support the medium-length torso. The tail is long and hangs low, yet curls upward a bit toward the body at times.


The serious attitude of the Belgian Malinois cannot be expressed enough. This is probably a result of it being bred as a protector. Despite its grave expression and attitude, the breed appreciates time spent with its family. With the exception of other dogs (household pets or otherwise), it is friendly and sociable. It is more likely to coexist peacefully with other household pets if it has been raised with them. Likewise with children, it is ideal for the dog to grow up with them. It will do fine in homes with existing pets and children, but supervision is highly recommended.

Height and Weight

Male height: 24 – 26 inches Male weight: 60 – 65 poundsFemale height: 22 – 24 inches Female weight: 60 – 65 pounds

Health Problems

There are no major health problems associated with the Belgian Malinois. Epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and skin allergies may occur in some types.

Ideal Living Conditions

In regards to living conditions, the amount of space available to move freely is more important than size. If placed in a back yard, the fence must be well built and tall enough so that it cannot escape.


The Belgian Malinois is a high energy dog and will require a significant amount of exercise. If it lives in an environment with a significant amount of space, such as an open ranch, it will obtain sufficient exercise.

Life Expectancy

Average life expectancy of 10 – 12 years

Litter Size

Average of 6-10 puppies


The coat of the Belgian Malinois requires very little maintenance. It does shed lightly in the autumn and will require more brushing during this time. As with a water-resistant coat, it requires minimal washing.


Before the late 1800s, when Belgian professor Adolphe Reul performed a study of Belgian dogs




The coat of the Belgian Malinois is either red, mahogany, or fawn. The mask and ears are black.